Basic Verbs

You learn the dictionary form (辞書形(じしょけい)) of Japanese verbs (instead of common, polite ます form). Because from dictionary form, it is easiest to derive into other forms (conjugate). You can search the dictionary form at OJAD.

I’ve spent time figuring the best way to understand the rules and types of verbs, but they are not useful with many exceptions. That’s not how Japanese people learn in school. My approach is to get enough exposures! Forget all the formulas.

The most impactful verbs you can study are する and 来る! These two are useful and has no exceptions.

For the rest of verbs, you just see them enough times til you remember. Let me give some examples:

倒れていた
The past tense of (たお)れる, fall down.

男性が自宅で倒れていた / A man fall down in his house

There are unlimited verbs by adding する to the end of noun:

救助(きゅうじょ)された
The past tense of 救助する (尊敬), rescued.

警察に救助された / Rescued by Police

(あた)え, 与える, give

警官は男性に食べ物を与え / Police gave food to the man

Hope this helps!


Verbs I frequently see being used:

転がる
使う
持つ
違う
押さえる
当たる
塗る
寝かせる
考える
入る
売れる
付く
削る
成る
敗れる
積み上げる
立つ
戻す
捨てる
扱う
訪れる
高まる
行く
(おこな)
()れる
(あつ)まる
よせる